Farming is a form of agriculture that relies on crop rotation, green
manure, compost, biological pest control, and mechanical cultivation
to maintain soil productivity and control pests. It excludes or
at least strictly limits the use of synthetic fertilizers and synthetic
pesticides, plant growth regulators, livestock feed additives, and
genetically modified organisms.
Organic agricultural methods are internationally regulated and legally
enforced by many nations. They are based in large part on the standards
set by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements
(IFOAM), an international umbrella organisation for organic organisations
established in 1972.
The overarching goal of organic farming is defined as follows:
"The role of organic agriculture, whether in farming, processing,
distribution, or consumption, is to sustain and enhance the health
of ecosystems and organisms from the smallest in the soil to human