Events: Visit us at:
17 - 20 Feb 2010, Germany
World Organic Trade Fair
About us
Organic Living
Photo Gallery
  Organic India
Why Organic?
What is Organic Farming?
Meaning of ‘Organic’
Organic India

EcoFarms and the
Indian Farmers
  In traditional India and during the pre-British era primarily, agriculture was practiced using organic techniques. Fertilizers, and pesticides were made from plant and animal products and in fact, for thousands of years, India was one of the most prosperous countries in the world.

However, during the 1950s and 1960s, the ever-increasing population and several natural calamities lead to a severe food scarcity in India. As a result, the government was forced to import food grains from foreign countries. Together with this, to increase food security, it also had to drastically increase food production in the country. The Green Revolution became the government's most important program in the 1960s. A large amount of land was brought under cultivation. Hybrid seeds were introduced. Organic fertilizers were replaced by chemical fertilizers and locally made pesticides were replaced by chemical pesticides.

By the 1990s, India was back to exporting food-grains but with time, land is losing its fertility due to extensive dependence on chemical farming. Larger quantities of fertilizers are required and today, pests are becoming immune faster, forcing farmers to use stronger and costlier pesticides. What's more, due to increased cost of farming, most farmers are heavily in debt.

The good news is that such dire conditions are turning farmers towards Organic Farming once again. Not only do they realize that it is good for their land and for themselves in the long run, but they also want to reap the benefits of the growing domestic and international demand for organic food.

According to the International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD), about 2.5 million hectares of land was under Organic Farming in India in 2004. Further, there are over 15,000 certified organic farms in India. India therefore, is one of the most important suppliers of organic food to the developed nations. No doubt, the organic movement has again started in India.

© 2008 Ecofarms. Legal Notice  |  Privacy Statement  |  Contact Us